Paraphrasing is using the work of others, keeping the same meaning but writing in your own choice of words.
Paraphrasing is generally more highly valued by academics than direct quoting because by paraphrasing the information, you are demonstrating that thought processing has taken place; in other words, you have thought about the information and have understood what you have read. Paraphrasing allows you to:
Which of the following extracts is an example of unacceptable paraphrasing, and which demonstrates acceptable paraphrasing and referencing? In this example (Epigeum 2011), the Harvard system has been used.
It is preferable that you paraphrase (put ideas in your own words) as too many quotations (using the exact words) can lead to a poorly written assignment. A general rule in academic circles is that no more than 10% of an assignment should be in the form of direct quotations.
No matter whether you use quotations or paraphrase another’s words, you always need to give references — both in the text and in the reference list.
The Library, Limerick Institute of Technology