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Harvard Referencing - The Basics

Introduction to the Harvard Referencing style

Referencing a Book

The template for the in-text citation is (Author, Date).
- (Note: also, include the page number if it is a direct quote)

The template for the reference list
is Author. (Year published) 
Title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher.

In-text citation 
......"researchers use terms and occasionally jargon that may be incomprehensible to other people" (Bell, 2005, p.7).

Reference list 
Bell, J. (2005) Doing your research project: a guide for first-time researchers in education, health and social science.
4th ed., Maidenhead: Open University Press.

Referencing a Journal Article

The template for the in-text citation is (Author, Date).
- (Note: include et al after the first authors name if there are 3 or more authors)

The template for the reference list is 
Author. (Year published) Title of article. Title of journal, Volume (Issue), pages nos.

undefinedIn-text citation 
In their review of the literature (Norrie et al., 2012) ...
Reference list 
Norrie, C., Hammond, J., D'Avray, L., Collington, V. and Fook, J. (2012) Doing it differently?: a review of literature on teaching reflective practice across health and social care professions. Reflective Practice, 13(4), pp.565-578.

Referencing a Webpage

The template for the in-text citation is (Owner of webpage, Date). 
The template for the reference list is 
Owner of webpage (Year last updated) Title of webpage. [Online] Available from: URL (Accessed Date).

In-text citation 
Toy Story 2 is the first film in history to be entirely created, mastered and exhibited digitally (Pixar, 2020).

Reference list
Pixar (2020) Pixar: our story. [Online] Available from: (Accessed 7 April 2020). 

Referencing Other Sources

Write it Right - A guide to Harvard referencing style

Clicking on the image below will take you to the Library's comprehensive referencing guide (Kirby, Cavanagh & Bukowska, 2011). This guide includes more information on how to reference various types of sources using the Harvard Style. 

The Library, Limerick Institute of Technology