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Fake News

How to identify and avoid Fake News

Reference List

Brittanica (2018) Fight the fake - fact checking tips from Brittanica. Available at: (Accessed: 23 April 2020).

Brown, D. (2014) How to choose your news. Available at: (Accessed: 27 April 2020). 

Cambridge Online Dictionary (2020) FactCheckAvailable at  (Accessed: 23 April 2020). 

Cambridge Online Dictionary (2020) Fake newsAvailable at (Accessed: 23 April 2020).

Chartered Institute of Library & Information Professionals (CILIP) (2018) What is information literacy?.  Available at: (Accessed: 21 April 2020).

CommonSense Media (2017) 5 ways to spot fake news. Available at: (Accessed: 23 April 2020).

International Federation of Library Associations & Institutions (IFLA) (2017) How to spot fake news. Available at: (Accessed: 21 April 2020).

Media Literacy Ireland (2019) Be media smart. Available at: (Accessed: 21 April 2020).

NewseumEd (2020) Is this story share-worthy?.  Available at: (Accessed: 20 April 2020).

On the Media (2016) Breaking news comsumer handbook: fake news edition. Available at: (Accessed: 23 April 2020). (2017) What is fake news?. Available T: (Accessed: 20 April 2020).

Rubin, V., Chen, Y., and Conroy, N. (2015) Deception detection for news: three types of fakes, Proceedings of the Association for Information Science & Technology, 52 (1), pp.1-4.

Salgado, C. (2016) Lies in the social network. Available at: (Accessed: 24 April 2020).

Spencer, J. (2016) 5C's of critical consuming. Available at: (Accessed: 20 April 2020).

The UNESCO Courier (2017) Fake news: sound bites on a burning topic. Available at: (Accessed: 23 April 2020).


This guide was created by Nora Hegarty, TUS Library: Midwest.

The Library, Technological University of the Shannon: Midwest